Полоцкий государственный университет

Polotsk
State
University

Sergey A. Vabishchevich

Head of the Department - Sergey A. Vabishchevich

Address: 30 Blokhin Street, 212, Novopolotsk, Belarus, 211440

Telephone: +375 214 53-24-20 

е-mail:

 

 

Background information

The history of the Department of Physics establishment dates back to the opening of a branch of  Belarusian Polytechnic Institute (BPI) in Novopolotsk on July 23, 1968. The first director of Novopolotsk branch of BPI was Sokolov B. E., the director of Novopolotsk oil community college, and Babenko E. M., a Candidate of Sciences, was the first head of the Department of Physics and Chemistry. The department had two sections: the section of physics and electrical engineering (first Oshchepkova N. V. and then Prokopovich L. I. was the head of the section) and the chemistry section. In 1969 Novopolotsk branch of BPI was transferred to Belarusian Technological Institute, and Babenko E. M. was appointed director of the branch.

Makarenko G. M. and Oshchepkova N. V., a Candidate of Technical Sciences, were the first lecturers of physics. Makarenko G. M. started working at BPI branch as the head of the physical laboratory in 1968. Oshchepkova N. V., a Candidate of Sciences, started working at the institute in 1969 as a Senior Lecturer. Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Prokopovich L. I., started working at the branch in September 1970. On September 16, 1972, he was appointed the head of the newly formed Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering. Later, on September 1, 1975, the department was divided into two departments: the Department of Physics and the Department of Computer Science, Automation and Electrical Engineering. Prokopovich L. I. was the first head of the Department of Physics. He had been the Head of the Department of Physics for almost 10 years from 1974 to 1983. Prokopovich L. I. was awarded the Certificate of Honor of the Supreme Council of the BSSR. Moreover, he had been a chairman of trade union committee of the Institute from 1986 till 1989.

The first scientific and technical students’ conference was held at the Institution during the formation of the department. Oshchepkova N. V. directly participated in it. Later, such an important direction as the students educational and research work appeared. In addition, Oshchepkova N. V., during her work at the NPI-PSU, was actively engaged in scientific research work in the field of material science. She conducted expert studies in this field also.

From January 3, 1983 to October 21, 1986 the Department of Physics had been headed by Nadycto B. T., a Professor and a Doctor of Chemical Sciences. It should be noted that Nadycto B. T. was the first of the scientists of our institute, who defended his doctoral thesis and was awarded the title of Professor.

Since 1986, the duties of the head of the Department of Physics had been performed by Oshchepkova N. V., Linkevich A. D., Prokopovich L. I. and Gruzdev V. A.

A significant effort was taken to form the department with highly qualified teachers. During the existence of the Department of Physics, Makarenko G. M. (1982), Linkevich A. D. (1988), Gidronovich V. A. (1988), Vabishchevich S. A. (1997), Zalessky V. G. (1999), Golubev Y. P. (2004), Antonovich D. A. (2009), Petrovich O. N. (2012) became Candidates of Science and Associate Professors. In 2015 Zalessky V. G. was awarded the Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences degree.

In 2001, the title of professor was awarded to Makarenko G. M. Moreover, he was awarded numerous certificates: Certificates of Honor of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Belarus and Vitebsk Regional Council, Certificates of Honor of the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Belarus, a silver medal of the VDNKh (the Exhibition of National Economy Achievements) of the USSR. Furthermore, he was an excellent student of the Higher School of the USSR. From 1989 to 2000 Makarenko G. M. had been the dean of the Faculty of Machine-building.

Kurochkin G. F., Deripasco V. T., Oparina N. A., Krasikov N. N., Yurinov Y. V., Dugina N. N., Nikiforov S. A., Zadneprovsky G. M., Kakovka V. F., Dudo N. I., Gidranovich V. A., Linkevich A. D., Dubchenok G. A., Sedluho A. M. started working at the Department of Physics since 1970. At that time, the research work on X-ray diffraction analysis of materials (supervised by Deripasco V. T.) and the study of nonlinear phenomena in complex systems (supervised by Linkevich A. D.) was carried out actively. The development and implementation of the technology for manufacturing of the hardened and corrosion-resistant parts of turbine flow meters during major repairs was carried out as well (headed by G.Makarenko).

The seniority of the following teachers and employees, who are working at the department, exceeds 30 years: Makarenko G. M., Gruzdev V. A., Oparina N. A., Stepnov A. K.

From 1993 to 2008 the Department was headed by Gruzdev V. A., DScTech, Professor and Laureate of the State Prize of Russia. Before moving to Belarus in 1993, Vladimir Alekseevich headed the Department of Physics of Tomsk State University of Control Systems and Radioelectronics (Tomsk, Russia) and was one of the founders of the new scientific direction "Plasma Electron Sources". For this scientific direction, the team, which included Gruzdev V. A., won the State award. Simultaneously with Gruzdev V. A., Zalessky V. G. and Petrovich O. N., two graduates of the Department of Physics of Belarusian State University, started working at the Department in 1993. Gradually, the scientific direction, which Gruzdev V. A. started in Russia, continued developing at the Department of Physics of Polotsk State University (which received the status of a university in 1993). In 1994 a postgraduate Study Department was opened at the specialty of "Vacuum and plasma electronics". At the same time, the formation of a technical base for the scientific laboratory "Electronic and ionic technological equipment" started.

In 1995 Rusetsky I. S., an engineer, came to the Department from manufacturing. After graduating from the Radio Engineering Faculty of PSU in 1998, Golubev Y. P. and Antonovich D. A., young specialists, who later became postgraduate students, started working at the Department too. The scientific team, formed by this time, began to work more intensively on the creation of a scientific and practical laboratory and on the development of its own path in this scientific direction. In 1999 Zalessky V. G. defended his Candidate Thesis. In 2003 Golubev Y. P. defended his Candidate Thesis, Antonovich D. A. – in 2009 and  Petrovich O. N. – in 2012.

The expansion of the scientific team made it possible to move from research of gas discharges and the creation of plasma sources to the development of electron beam equipment. In 2005 a scientific and practical laboratory of "Electronic and ionic technological equipment" was created at the Department of Physics. The scientific collective began to solve not only purely scientific problems having a fundamental character, but also applied problems, aimed at introducing the perspective electron beam technologies into production.

To solve the problem of automation of the scientific laboratory, Rugol D. G., Pavlovets P. V. and Rusetsky I. S., the engineers and graduates of the Faculty of Radio Engineering, who later became postgraduates, were employed by the University.

At present time, the scientific collective, under the supervision of Gruzdev V. A., successfully works both in the field of fundamental research within the framework of state programs (for example, "Plasmodynamics") and in the applied direction in accordance to the state program "Materials in Engineering" or within the framework of contract with enterprises of machine building profile, in particular, with the Minsk Tractor Works. In total, more than 50 articles, written by the personnel of the laboratory, were published in various journals (foreign: Appl. Phys., Vacuum; Russian: Technical Physics (Zhurnal Tekhnicheskoi Fiziki), Instruments and Experimental Techniques (PTE), Applied Physics (Prikladnaya Fizika), Monthly research and industrial journal (Tyazheloe Mashinostroenie); Republican: Journal of Engineering Physics and Thermophysics (Inzhenerno-fizicheskiy zhurnal), Vestnik PSU, etc.). Two monographs, written in co-authorship with colleagues from other universities, were published as well.

The significance of the results received by the scientific team is marked by awards and rewards received by the staff of the scientific and practical laboratory. The head of the team, Professor Gruzdev V. А., was awarded a certificate of Vitebsk Oblast Executive Committee in 1999. In 2005 he was awarded a certificate of the Academy of Sciences of Belarus and in 2006 his work was rewarded with a special fund of the President of the Republic of Belarus to support outstanding scientists. In 2007 Professor Gruzdev V. A. received the title of "Excellent worker in the education of the Republic of Belarus". For active research work, Zalessky V.G., Associate Professor of the Department of Physics, received a scholarship of a special fund of the President of the Republic of Belarus to support young scientists in 2006. Rusetsky I. S., a postgraduate student, received a scholarship of the President of the Republic of Belarus in 2008.

The research on the properties of semiconductor structures began being carried out at the department with the arrival of Vabishchevich S. A. and Vabishchevich N. V., the graduates of the Faculty of Physics of Belarusian State University in 1990. Nowadays, the subject of their study is fundamental research in the field of materials science of semiconductor structures (Si, Ge, A3B5). Scientific research, supervised by Vabishchevich S. A, a Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Associate Professor, is conducted within the framework of the state complex research programs "Crystallophysics" (2002-2006) and "Crystalline and molecular structures" (2006-2010). Besides, there is an active scientific cooperation with the departments of the Faculty of Physics of Belarusian State University. Vabishchevich N. V. and Vabishchevich S. A., the staff members of the Department of Physics (PSU), are co-authors of a large number of scientific publications, including one monograph and about 50 scientific articles in the journals of the Republic of Belarus and Russia. The results of scientific research of the scientific team are regularly presented at international conferences held both in Belarus (International Conference "Interaction of Radiations with Solids" (Minsk), International Scientific Conference "Actual Problems of Solid State Physics" (Minsk)) and abroad (Russian conference with international participation in physics, material science, physical and chemical foundations of technologies for the production of silicon doped crystals and instrument structures based on them (Silicon), Moscow, MISiS. The work of the scientific team was noted even by the leadership of the country. In 2001, for active research work, Vabishchevich S. A., Associate Professor of the Department of Physics and the head of the area of fundamental research, received a scholarship of a special fund of the President of the Republic of Belarus to support young scientists.

Though the staff of the Department of Physics has made great progress in carrying out scientific and methodological work, the main activity area of the Department of Physics is the organization of the educational and methodological work with students. At present time, the scientific team's duties include conducting the training sessions in 12 disciplines with students of technical specialties and conducting the course "Radiation Safety", which is studied by students of almost all specialties at PSU. Teachers of the department pay much attention to the creation of study guides designed for students of engineering and technical specialties in the study of modern physics, including those study guides, with the stamp of the Ministry of Education (in 2005 and in 2009).

One of the important directions in the work of the Department of Physics at PSU has always been the organization of research work of students. Under the guidance of the department teachers, the students write works and the results are reported to scientific and methodological conferences every year. Moreover, the works are published in scientific journals. It should be noted that for many years this work was carried out by Oshchepkova N. V., Associate Professor of the Department. Associate Professor Vabishchevich S. A. actively participates in research work with students. Supervised by Vabishchevich S. A. from 2001 to 2009, the students of Radio Engineering and Technological faculties of the University became winners (a certificate of the first degree) of the Republican contest of young scientists 8 times. Some of the winners are now postgraduate students at our university.